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9R 590 Tractor

  • Engine HP: 649 Max / 590 hp Rated
  • AutoTrac™, StarFire™ receiver, and Gen 4 display integrated
  • e18™ PowerShift Transmission
  • Choice of three different cab and visibility packages

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13.6L (827-cu in.) engine

The muscle to handle heavy draft disks and rippers, power-hungry air seeders and planters, and large transport loads like grain carts and slurry wagons. The durable design and heavy-duty components you can depend on when you need to get in and get out. All in a Final Tier 4 (FT4) and Stage V compliant package. You get real-world power with the purpose-built 13.6L (827-cu in.) engines from John Deere Power Systems, standard in the 291 to 440 engine kW (390 to 590 engine hp) 9 Series Tractors.

We developed our newest power plant from a clean sheet of paper, starting with stronger castings, beefier bearings, and more robust internal components, all designed to meet the high demands of field operations. We replaced the fuel injectors with a high-pressure common rail (HPCR) fuel system and eliminated the diesel particulate filter (DPF) to boost to fuel efficiency and lower operation and maintenance costs. Integrated coolant and oil passages, along with a new belt-driven water pump, eliminate potential leak points and allow for a less-crowded engine compartment, improving serviceability and reducing debris accumulation.

In redesigning the engine, we also gave it:

  • Hydraulic valve lash adjusters to maintain valve-lash settings during engine operation, reduce valve train noise and wear, and allow for greater fuel efficiency.
  • A hydraulic fan drive for improved cooling capacity with no required maintenance.
  • A new integrated wiring harness design featuring a modular layout for reduced vibration, greater reliability, and easier service and diagnostics.
  • A rear gear train that integrates fully into the cast-iron block, reducing tiresome engine noise and improving the durability of the crankshaft damper.
  • Combination sensors where possible, meaning fewer sensors, connectors, and wires.
  • A powerful engine brake that allows operators to use the engine to control tractor and implement speeds while transporting or traveling downhill, reducing wear on the drivetrain brake components.

It all adds up to:

  • 14 percent more power and 11 percent more torque
  • 3 percent lower fuel consumption
  • 10 percent lighter
  • 27 percent reduction in mean repair time and an estimated $8,308 savings in service costs over the life of the engine
13.5L (824-cu in.) engine compared to 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine
Feature13.5L (824-cu in.) engine13.6L (827-cu in.) engine
Fuel deliveryElectronic unit injectors (EUI)HPCR
AftertreatmentTwo canistersOne canister
Valve lash adjustmentManualAutomatic
Engine brakeNot availableAvailable above 402.7 kW (540 hp)
Wire harnessSingle harnessThree short harnesses
Water pumpGear drivenBelt driven
Gear trainFront mountedRear mounted
Fan driveVari-Cool™ systemHydraulically driven

Ultimate Visibility package at night

Visibility is more than just lighting. It’s mirrors where you need them, shades for the blinding late-fall and early-spring sun, wipers to help keep all the glass clear, and integrated camera capability right from the factory. The new 9 Series Tractors let you choose the visibility package that best suits your needs – Select, Premium, or Ultimate with 360-degree light-emitting diode (LED) lighting –so you and your operators can run with all-conditions confidence.

SelectPremiumUltimate
Lighting18 halogen worklights18 LED worklights24 LED worklights and eight LED convenience lights*
MirrorsMechanicalElectric and heatedElectric, heated, and telescoping
SunshadesFrontFront, right-hand side, and rearFront, right-hand side, and rear
WipersFront and rearFront, right-hand side, and rearFront, right-hand side, and rear
CamerasCamera readyCamera readyFront and rear integrated cameras

*Convenience lights illuminate the corners of the cab for easier entry and exit.

9R 640 equipped with HydraCushion suspension

Power that doesn’t get to the ground is power that’s being wasted. And a bumpy, hoppy ride can quickly drain an operator’s energy and productivity. So to help you get the most from every horse under the hood and every hour in the cab, 9R Tractors in wheeled configurations are available with the advanced, industry-exclusive HydraCushion suspension (HydraCushion is standard equipment on 477-kW [640-hp] models).

Along with a proven-reliable suspension design, HydraCushion suspension uses an advanced system of electronic sensors and hydraulic components to keep the chassis and front differential vertically centered, giving you more consistent contact with the ground while reducing road lope and smoothing out the bumps that cause a rough, tiring ride.

9RX in transport

You don’t have to compromise between pinpoint turns in the field and smooth, easy steering during transport – you can have it all with ActiveCommand Steering (ACS), available on all 9R and 9RX Tractors.

ACS lets you choose your steering ratio based on the task at hand. For precise headland maneuvers in the field, choose a tight 3.5 turns lock-to-lock. When you’re done in the field, ACS gives you a full five turns for smoother line-holding during road transport. Variable-effort resistance automatically changes with ground speed; you’ll notice a lighter touch during low-speed, in-field turns, and increased feedback at transport speeds for more comfortable, confident steering over the road. Plus, ACS works seamlessly with AutoTrac™ guidance systems and is compatible with wide and narrow section width tires as well as wide and narrow belts on 9RX models.

The end result? Reduced overall steering effort and fatigue, no drift and no backlash through the hand-wheel, all with the “connected” feel of a traditional steering column system

Maximizing uptime using connectivity and technology

John Deere makes it easy for you to access an entire suite of connected applications, all designed to help you make the most of every seed, every hour, every gallon, and every bit of machine-related information.

Each 9 Series Tractor comes standard with the John Deere StarFire™ 6000 Integrated Receiver and Generation 4 CommandCenter™ display; there’s no need for setup, installation, or initial global positioning system (GPS) calibration. Integrated AutoTrac™ assisted steering gives you accurate, scalable guidance for low-stress operation in nearly any conditions and can improve field efficiency by 10 percent or more. The 9 Series Tractors also feature standard JDLink™ telematics and five years of connected service for anytime, anywhere access to critical machine and field information. And every tractor comes from the factory with John Deere Connected Support™, so you and your dealer can anticipate and address critical system needs.

From here? The sky’s the limit. Choose any of our operation-specific applications to help maximize efficiency and productivity during planting, tillage, or other field activities.

   
StarFire 6000 Integrated ReceiverAutoTracJDLink
Base equipment:

  • Generation 4 CommandCenter display
  • StarFire 6000 Integrated Receiver

Optional equipment:

  • Generation 4 CommandCenter display plus extended monitor
Base equipment:

  • AutoTrac activation
  • SF3 accuracy (+/- 3 cm [1.2 in.])
  • Data Sync

Optional equipment:

  • AutoTrac RowSense™ system*
  • AutoTrac Turn Automation**
  • AutoPath™ system**
  • AutoTrac Implement Guidance*
  • Gen 4 Machine Sync
Base equipment:

  • JDLink system with 5 years of service
  • Wireless Data Transfer
  • John Deere Connected Support service
  • Expert Alerts
  • Remote Display Access
  • Service ADVISOR™ Remote service tool

*Available with Premium Activation 3.0
**Available with Automation Activation 4.0

Ultimate Comfort and Convenience package (shown on 8R Tractor)

When you’re spending dozens of hours per week in the cab, a comfortable operating environment isn’t just an option – the right features, in the right places, let you and your operators work at your best, dawn to dusk and beyond.

The 7, 8, and 9 Series Tractors offer three Comfort and Convenience packages to fit your needs: Select, Premium, and Ultimate. But regardless of which package you choose, you’ll still get the John Deere CommandARMconsole that puts critical controls within easy reach. You’ll get all the storage space you need for drinks, meals, and other stowable items. And you’ll have plenty of outlets to keep your electronics powered.

Comfort and Convenience packagesSelectPremiumUltimate
Seat
  • Cloth
  • Mechanical controls
  • Mechanical lumbar
  • 8-degree left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Cloth
  • Electronic controls
  • Pneumatic lumbar
  • 25-degrees left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Leather
  • Electronic controls
  • Pneumatic lumbar
  • 25-degree left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Heated/ventilated
  • Massage
  • Adjustable bolsters
Infotainment
  • AM/FM
  • Auxiliary and Bluetooth® wireless inputs
  • Four speakers
  • 16.5-cm (6.5-in.) touchscreen radio, XM® ready
  • Six speakers with subwoofer
  • 16.5-cm (6.5-in.) touchscreen radio, XM ready
  • Six speakers with subwoofer
Business band readyXXX
Four USB and one 12-V outletXXX
Dual tilt columnXXX
FootrestsXX
RefrigeratorXX
120-V/300-W three-prong outletXX
Carpeted floor matX
Leather-wrapped steering wheelX

Bluetooth is a trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. XM is a trademark of Sirius XM Radio Inc.

Selective control valves (SCVs) on a 9R Tractor

Of course, the 9 Series has the hydraulic muscle you need to push, pull, lift, and power your most demanding implements. But thanks to a range of enhancements to the hydraulic system, these tractors can provide that power at lower engine speeds, saving you fuel while still giving your implements the capacity they need. Regardless of model or configuration, the new 9 Series hydraulic system gives you:

  • An increase of almost 40 percent in charge pump capacity, from 54-cc to 75-cc, to help maintain a higher flow at lower engine speeds
  • A new swash plate angle sensor to monitor hydraulic flow and pressure and adjust engine speed to meet demand
  • An integrated hydraulic pump, filter, and priority valve for fewer and shorter lines, reduced pressure loss, fewer flow restrictions, and an extra level of reliability

And if you depend on implements that need continuous hydraulic power, the 9 Series Tractors are available with Intelligent Power Management (IPM). Using dual pumps and advanced sensor and control technology, IPM provides additional engine and hydraulic power for high-demand applications like air seeding up and over hills or through thick, tough soil.

Add in single and dual pump options and a flexible number rear SCVs, and you can configure a powerful, fuel-efficient hydraulic system to meet the demands of your specific operation without paying for capacity you don’t need.

9RX Tractor

When you’re trying to get a field planted before weather moves in, there’s no time to hit a scheduled maintenance interval or get smacked with an unexpected repair. That’s why we designed the 9 Series for maximum reliability and less in-season maintenance.

To start, we simplified as many systems as possible, using components common to other tractor lines and minimizing potential downtime due to parts availability. Then we eliminated as many potential pain points as possible through changes in the cooling, aftertreatment, and diagnostic systems, including:

  • Replacing the fan drive system with a maintenance-free hydraulic fan drive
  • Streamlining aftertreatment with a single-canister inline system that’s simpler and features fewer parts
  • Improving uptime by adding better descriptions to diagnostic codes and offering predictive diagnostics through John Deere Expert Alerts
  • A front-left service panel for easier access to engine oil check and fill points;
  • Offering a 500-hour oil change interval on the John Deere Power Systems 13.6L (827-cu in.) Final Tier 4 (FT4) engine when using approved John Deere oil and filter (the Cummins® QSX 15-L [915-cu in.] engine has a 400-hour engine oil and filter change interval).

Cummins is a trademark of Cummins, Inc.

  • Engine HP: 649 Max / 590 hp Rated
  • AutoTrac™, StarFire™ receiver, and Gen 4 display integrated
  • e18™ PowerShift Transmission
  • Choice of three different cab and visibility packages

Key Specs

Engine description
John Deere PowerTech™ PSS 13.6L (B20 diesel compatible)
Engine displacement
13.6 L
827 cu in.
Rated engine power
434 kW
590 hp
Maximum engine power
Standard: 477 kW
649 hp
Optional hydraulic IPM: 459 kW
615 hp
Rated PTO power (hp SAE)
249 kW
335 hp
Maximum PTO power
Transmission type
John Deere e18™ 18-speed PowerShift™ with Efficiency Manager™: 40 km/h
25 mph
Hydraulic pump rated output
Standard: 220 L/min
58 gpm
Optional: 435 L/min
115 gpm
Rear hitch category (SAE designation)
Category 4N/4: 6804 kg
15,000 lb
Category 4N/4: 9072 kg
20,000 lb
Base machine weight
20,856 kg
45,980 lb

Engine specifications

Description
John Deere PowerTech PSS 13.6L (B20 diesel compatible)
Engine type
Diesel, inline, 6-cylinder, wet-sleeve cylinder liners with four valves in-head
Engine family
Rated speed
2100 rpm
Aspiration
Dual series turbocharger with fixed geometry first stage and variable geometry second stage; air-to-air aftercooling and cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
Cylinders liners
Emission level
Final Tier 4 (FT4)
After treatment type
Diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC)/diesel particulate filter (DPF)/selective catalytic reduction (SCR)
Displacement
13.6 L
827 cu in.

Engine performance

Rated power
434 kW
590 hp
Rated PTO power (hp SAE)
249 kW
335 hp
Maximum PTO power
Intelligent Power Management (IPM)
Power boost
10 percent
Maximum engine power
Standard: 477 kW
649 hp
Optional hydraulic IPM: 459 kW
615 hp
Engine peak torque
At 1600 rpm: 2723 Nm 2008 lb-ft
Drawbar power
PTO torque rise
38 percent
Fuel injection system and control
Air cleaner type

Transmission

Type
John Deere e18 18-speed PowerShift with Efficiency Manager: 40 km/h
25 mph
Reverser
Clutch; wet/dry
Creeper

Hydraulic system

Type
Closed-center, pressure-and-flow compensated
Pump rated output
Standard: 220 L/min
58 gpm
Optional: 435 L/min
115
Available flow at a single rear SCV
1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers: 132 L/min
35 gpm
1.9-cm (3/4-in.) couplers: 159 L/min
42 gpm
Available flow at front SCVs
Number of rear selective control valves (SCVs)
Four to eight factory or field installed
Base: four 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers
Optional: five to six 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers factory installed
Optional: three 1.9-cm (3/4-in.) couplers plus five 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers factory installed
Number of mid selective control valves (SCVs)
Number of front selective control valves (SCVs)
Joystick SCV control
Auxiliary hydraulic features
SCV control
Electronic

Rear hitch

Hitch draft control load sense type
Remote control valves available
Hitch category (SAE designation)
Category 4N/4: 6804 kg
15,000 lb
Category 4N/4: 9072 kg
20,000 lb
Maximum lift capacity behind lift points
Category 4N/4: 9072 kg
20,000 lb
Lift capacity at standard frame
Sensing type
Electrohydraulic with draft sensing
Rear axle differential lock

Drawbar

Drawbar category
Category 5
Maximum vertical load
5440 kg
12,000 lb

Rear power take-off (PTO)

Type
Independent
44 mm (1.75 in.) 20-spline, 1000 rpm
Engine rpm (at rated PTO speeds)
Economy PTO speeds
Reverse PTO speeds
Multispeed PTO option availability
Ground speed PTO option availability
PTO actuation
Electrohydraulic

Front hitch

Category
Electric power
Standard lift capacity
Front power take-off (PTO)
PTO speed

Rear axle

Type
Diameter: 120 x 3048 mm
4.72 x 120 in.
Final drive type
Inboard planetary with double-reduction axle
Differential controls
Axle type
Brakes, type and control
Rear differential lock
Full-locking electrohydraulic
Load rating

Front axle

Type
Diameter: 120 x 3048 mm
4.72 x 120 in.
Front axle differential lock
Full-locking electrohydraulic
Load rating

Tires

Front
Rear
Wheel tread range
Turning radius with brakes
Group 47 or Group 48 tires: 6.035 m
19.8 ft
Turning radius without brakes
Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS)

Tracks

Tread spacing
Drive type
Track width
Midrollers

Brakes

Primary brake (foot brake)
Secondary brake
Park lock
MFWD braking
Front axle brakes
Auxiliary brakes
Hydraulic trailer brakes
Pneumatic trailer brakes

Electrical system

Alternator size
Standard: 250 amp
Optional: 330 amp
Battery options
12 V
Working lights
Standard: 18 halogen
Optional: 18 or 24 LED plus 8 LED conveninence lights
Type of bulb in headlight (Halogen, Zenon, LED)
Standard: halogen, 65 W
Optional: LED
Type of bulb in beacon (Halogen, Zenon, LED)
dB(A) rating for backup alarm
Total cold cranking amps
3 x 925 CCA
Total: 2775 CCA

Operator station

Rollover protective structure, OOS
Seat
Degree of seat swivel, left hand
25 degree (angle)
Degree of seat swivel, right hand
40 degree (angle)
Standard: air suspension
Optional: ActiveSeat™ II
Cab suspension
Instructional seat
Standard
Display
Standard: Generation 4 4600 CommandCenter™: 25.4 cm
10 in.
Optional: Extended monitor
Radio
Standard: AM/FM stereo with weatherband, remote controls, auxiliary input jack, four speakers and external antenna
Optional: Touchscreen radio
Inner cab volume
3.27 m3
115 cu ft
dB(A) rating
Cab glass area
6.64 m2
71.47 sq ft
Safety glass rating
Front visibility

Dimensions

Wheelbase
3912 mm
154 in.
Overall width
Overall length
With front weights, excluding hitch and coupler: 7945 mm
312.8 in.
With front weights, including hitch and coupler: 8427 mm
331.8 in.
Overall height
Drawbar clearance
Group 48 tires: 527 mm
20.7 in.
Front axle center
Approximate shipping weight, Open;Cab
20,856 kg
45,980 lb

Weight

Base machine weight

20,856 kg
45,980 lb

Maximum ballast level
30,391 kg
67,000 lb
Maximum permissible weight

Capacities

Crankcase oil volume
64 L
16.9 U.S. gal.
Fuel tank
1514 L
400 U.S. gal.
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) tank
120 L
31.7 U.S. gal.
Cooling system

56.5 L
14.9 U.S. gal.

Transmission-hydraulic system
With 3-point hitch and PTO: 227 L
60 U.S. gal.
Without 3-point hitch and PTO: 220 L
58 U.S. gal.

Serviceability

Interval for engine oil change
500 hours
Interval for hydraulic/transmission oil change
1500 hours
Interval for engine coolant change
6000 hours

Loaders

Loader
Lift capacity at full height
Maximum lift height
Leveling type

Precision AG

Guidance
Integrated AutoTrac™
Telematic
Available with JDLink™ hardware, activations, and Ethernet harnesses (availability dependent upon destination)
Remote diagnostics
Available with activated JDLink hardware and activations

Miscellaneous

AutoTrac ready
ISOBUS ready
CommandCenter video inputs
Immobilizer
Side slope rating
Uphill/downhill slope rating
Country of manufacture
USA

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